Top 5 signs your trace reveals twisted ECG leads
Electrocardiography (ECG) lead malposition
This peer reviewed article investigates the identifiable footprints revealed from various combinations of malpositioned 12-lead Electrocardiographic (EGC) Leads.
The investigation used 10 normal subjects where 12-lead ECG were performed with
Normal lead position
Six limb lead malpositions; and
Reversal of chest leads
In all subjects, there was consistency in the ECGs performed allowing the creation of five characteristic and easily identifiable footprints.